List of Faculty Publications

Below is a list of Faculty publications imported from PubMed or manually added. By default, publications are sorted by year with titles displayed in ascending alphabetical order.
Shortcuts: Wühr, Martin | Wingreen, Ned | Wieschaus, Eric | Troyanskaya, Olga | Tilghman, Shirley | Storey, John | Singh, Mona | Shvartsman, Stanislav | Shaevitz, Joshua | Rabinowitz, Joshua | Murphy, Coleen | Levine, Michael {Levine, Michael S.} | Gregor, Thomas | Botstein, David | Bialek, William | Ayroles, Julien | Andolfatto, Peter | Akey, Joshua

Filters: Author is Levine, Michael  [Clear All Filters]
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Ciona intestinalis
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of sea squirt (Ciona) gametes, fertilization, dechorionation, and development., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5344, 2009.
E. Wagner and Levine, M., FGF signaling establishes the anterior border of the Ciona neural tube., Development, vol. 139, no. 13, pp. 2351-9, 2012.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., The sea squirt Ciona intestinalis., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.emo138, 2009.
A. Stolfi, Wagner, E., J Taliaferro, M., Chou, S., and Levine, M., Neural tube patterning by Ephrin, FGF and Notch signaling relays., Development, vol. 138, no. 24, pp. 5429-39, 2011.
C. Cao, Lemaire, L. A., Wang, W., Yoon, P. H., Choi, Y. A., Parsons, L. R., Matese, J. C., Wang, W., Levine, M., and Chen, K., Comprehensive single-cell transcriptome lineages of a proto-vertebrate., Nature, vol. 571, no. 7765, pp. 349-354, 2019.
B. Davidson and Levine, M., Evolutionary origins of the vertebrate heart: Specification of the cardiac lineage in Ciona intestinalis., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 100, no. 20, pp. 11469-73, 2003.
L. Christiaen, Davidson, B., Kawashima, T., Powell, W., Nolla, H., Vranizan, K., and Levine, M., The transcription/migration interface in heart precursors of Ciona intestinalis., Science, vol. 320, no. 5881, pp. 1349-52, 2008.
A. Stolfi and Levine, M., Neuronal subtype specification in the spinal cord of a protovertebrate., Development, vol. 138, no. 5, pp. 995-1004, 2011.
A. Di Gregorio, Harland, R. M., Levine, M., and Casey, E. Silva, Tail morphogenesis in the ascidian, Ciona intestinalis, requires cooperation between notochord and muscle., Dev Biol, vol. 244, no. 2, pp. 385-95, 2002.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., Davidson, B., and Levine, M., Spatio-temporal intersection of Lhx3 and Tbx6 defines the cardiac field through synergistic activation of Mesp., Dev Biol, vol. 328, no. 2, pp. 552-60, 2009.
P. Barron Abitua, Wagner, E., Navarrete, I. A., and Levine, M., Identification of a rudimentary neural crest in a non-vertebrate chordate., Nature, vol. 492, no. 7427, pp. 104-7, 2012.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of individual cells and tissues from electroporated sea squirt (Ciona) embryos by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5349, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Microinjection of morpholino oligos and RNAs in sea squirt (Ciona) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5347, 2009.
N. Haupaix, Abitua, P. B., Sirour, C., Yasuo, H., Levine, M., and Hudson, C., Ephrin-mediated restriction of ERK1/2 activity delimits the number of pigment cells in the Ciona CNS., Dev Biol, vol. 394, no. 1, pp. 170-80, 2014.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., and Levine, M., BMP signaling coordinates gene expression and cell migration during precardiac mesoderm development., Dev Biol, vol. 340, no. 2, pp. 179-87, 2010.
W. Shi, Levine, M., and Davidson, B., Unraveling genomic regulatory networks in the simple chordate, Ciona intestinalis., Genome Res, vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 1668-74, 2005.
Developmental Biology
M. Levine, Retrospective. Walter Gehring (1939-2014)., Science, vol. 345, no. 6194, p. 277, 2014.
Disorders of Sex Development
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., The sea squirt Ciona intestinalis., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.emo138, 2009.
DNA
D. Papatsenko and Levine, M., Computational identification of regulatory DNAs underlying animal development., Nat Methods, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 529-34, 2005.
B. P. Berman, Nibu, Y., Pfeiffer, B. D., Tomancak, P., Celniker, S. E., Levine, M., Rubin, G. M., and Eisen, M. B., Exploiting transcription factor binding site clustering to identify cis-regulatory modules involved in pattern formation in the Drosophila genome., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 757-62, 2002.
V. C. Calhoun, Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., Promoter-proximal tethering elements regulate enhancer-promoter specificity in the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 14, pp. 9243-7, 2002.
D. Papatsenko and Levine, M., Quantitative analysis of binding motifs mediating diverse spatial readouts of the Dorsal gradient in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 4966-71, 2005.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Electroporation of transgenic DNAs in the sea squirt Ciona., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5345, 2009.
M. Levine and Tjian, R., Transcription regulation and animal diversity., Nature, vol. 424, no. 6945, pp. 147-51, 2003.
V. C. Calhoun and Levine, M., Long-range enhancer-promoter interactions in the Scr-Antp interval of the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 100, no. 17, pp. 9878-83, 2003.
DNA Transposable Elements
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Electroporation of transgenic DNAs in the sea squirt Ciona., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5345, 2009.
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
J. Bothma and Levine, M., Development: lights, camera, action--the Drosophila embryo goes live!, Curr Biol, vol. 23, no. 21, pp. R965-7, 2013.
DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
M. Levine, Cattoglio, C., and Tjian, R., Looping back to leap forward: transcription enters a new era., Cell, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 13-25, 2014.
Drosophila
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Localized repressors delineate the neurogenic ectoderm in the early Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 280, no. 2, pp. 482-93, 2005.
A. N. Boettiger and Levine, M., Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo., Science, vol. 325, no. 5939, pp. 471-3, 2009.
J. Cowden and Levine, M., The Snail repressor positions Notch signaling in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 129, no. 7, pp. 1785-93, 2002.
J. Cowden and Levine, M., Ventral dominance governs sequential patterns of gene expression across the dorsal-ventral axis of the neuroectoderm in the Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 262, no. 2, pp. 335-49, 2003.
D. Papatsenko, Levine, M., and Goltsev, Y., Clusters of temporal discordances reveal distinct embryonic patterning mechanisms in Drosophila and anopheles., PLoS Biol, vol. 9, no. 1, p. e1000584, 2011.
J. P. Bothma, Levine, M., and Boettiger, A., Morphogen gradients: limits to signaling or limits to measurement?, Curr Biol, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. R232-4, 2010.
K. Senger, Armstrong, G. W., Rowell, W. J., Kwan, J. M., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Immunity regulatory DNAs share common organizational features in Drosophila., Mol Cell, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 19-32, 2004.
V. S. Chopra, Kong, N., and Levine, M., Transcriptional repression via antilooping in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 109, no. 24, pp. 9460-4, 2012.
D. Papatsenko, Goltsev, Y., and Levine, M., Organization of developmental enhancers in the Drosophila embryo., Nucleic Acids Res, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 5665-77, 2009.
M. W. Perry, Bothma, J. P., Luu, R. D., and Levine, M., Precision of hunchback expression in the Drosophila embryo., Curr Biol, vol. 22, no. 23, pp. 2247-52, 2012.
M. W. Perry, Boettiger, A. N., Bothma, J. P., and Levine, M., Shadow enhancers foster robustness of Drosophila gastrulation., Curr Biol, vol. 20, no. 17, pp. 1562-7, 2010.
E. Bae, Calhoun, V. C., Levine, M., Lewis, E. B., and Drewell, R. A., Characterization of the intergenic RNA profile at abdominal-A and Abdominal-B in the Drosophila bithorax complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 26, pp. 16847-52, 2002.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Whole-genome analysis of Drosophila gastrulation., Curr Opin Genet Dev, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 477-84, 2004.
B. Haley, Foys, B., and Levine, M., Vectors and parameters that enhance the efficacy of RNAi-mediated gene disruption in transgenic Drosophila., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 107, no. 25, pp. 11435-40, 2010.
M. Levine and Davidson, E. H., Gene regulatory networks for development., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 4936-42, 2005.
D. Papatsenko, Kislyuk, A., Levine, M., and Dubchak, I., Conservation patterns in different functional sequence categories of divergent Drosophila species., Genomics, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 431-42, 2006.
V. C. Calhoun and Levine, M., Long-range enhancer-promoter interactions in the Scr-Antp interval of the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 100, no. 17, pp. 9878-83, 2003.
A. Stathopoulos, Tam, B., Ronshaugen, M., Frasch, M., and Levine, M., pyramus and thisbe: FGF genes that pattern the mesoderm of Drosophila embryos., Genes Dev, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 687-99, 2004.
A. Stathopoulos, Van Drenth, M., Erives, A., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Whole-genome analysis of dorsal-ventral patterning in the Drosophila embryo., Cell, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 687-701, 2002.
J. P. Bothma, Magliocco, J., and Levine, M., The snail repressor inhibits release, not elongation, of paused Pol II in the Drosophila embryo., Curr Biol, vol. 21, no. 18, pp. 1571-7, 2011.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Linear signaling in the Toll-Dorsal pathway of Drosophila: activated Pelle kinase specifies all threshold outputs of gene expression while the bHLH protein Twist specifies a subset., Development, vol. 129, no. 14, pp. 3411-9, 2002.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Ng, S., Perry, M. W., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Enhancer additivity and non-additivity are determined by enhancer strength in the Drosophila embryo., Elife, vol. 4, 2015.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Dorsal gradient networks in the Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 246, no. 1, pp. 57-67, 2002.
A. Erives and Levine, M., Coordinate enhancers share common organizational features in the Drosophila genome., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 101, no. 11, pp. 3851-6, 2004.
V. C. Calhoun, Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., Promoter-proximal tethering elements regulate enhancer-promoter specificity in the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 14, pp. 9243-7, 2002.
Drosophila melanogaster
B. Haley, Hendrix, D., Trang, V., and Levine, M., A simplified miRNA-based gene silencing method for Drosophila melanogaster., Dev Biol, vol. 321, no. 2, pp. 482-90, 2008.
M. Levine, Paused RNA polymerase II as a developmental checkpoint., Cell, vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 502-11, 2011.
M. Markstein, Zinzen, R., Markstein, P., Yee, K. - P., Erives, A., Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., A regulatory code for neurogenic gene expression in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 131, no. 10, pp. 2387-94, 2004.
Y. Nibu, Senger, K., and Levine, M., CtBP-independent repression in the Drosophila embryo., Mol Cell Biol, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3990-9, 2003.
V. Hilgers, Perry, M. W., Hendrix, D., Stark, A., Levine, M., and Haley, B., Neural-specific elongation of 3' UTRs during Drosophila development., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 38, pp. 15864-9, 2011.
J. Doran Cande, Chopra, V. S., and Levine, M., Evolving enhancer-promoter interactions within the tinman complex of the flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum., Development, vol. 136, no. 18, pp. 3153-60, 2009.
D. Papatsenko and Levine, M., Quantitative analysis of binding motifs mediating diverse spatial readouts of the Dorsal gradient in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 4966-71, 2005.
E. Farley and Levine, M., HOT DNAs: a novel class of developmental enhancers., Genes Dev, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 873-6, 2012.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Localized repressors delineate the neurogenic ectoderm in the early Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 280, no. 2, pp. 482-93, 2005.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Whole-genome expression profiles identify gene batteries in Drosophila., Dev Cell, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 464-5, 2002.
V. S. Chopra, Cande, J., Hong, J. - W., and Levine, M., Stalled Hox promoters as chromosomal boundaries., Genes Dev, vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1505-9, 2009.
J. Bothma and Levine, M., Development: lights, camera, action--the Drosophila embryo goes live!, Curr Biol, vol. 23, no. 21, pp. R965-7, 2013.
D. Papatsenko, Goltsev, Y., and Levine, M., Organization of developmental enhancers in the Drosophila embryo., Nucleic Acids Res, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 5665-77, 2009.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Esposito, E., Schlissel, G., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Dynamic regulation of eve stripe 2 expression reveals transcriptional bursts in living Drosophila embryos., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 111, no. 29, pp. 10598-603, 2014.
V. S. Chopra, Hong, J. - W., and Levine, M., Regulation of Hox gene activity by transcriptional elongation in Drosophila., Curr Biol, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 688-93, 2009.
V. Hilgers, Lemke, S. B., and Levine, M., ELAV mediates 3' UTR extension in the Drosophila nervous system., Genes Dev, vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 2259-64, 2012.
M. Markstein and Levine, M., Decoding cis-regulatory DNAs in the Drosophila genome., Curr Opin Genet Dev, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 601-6, 2002.
M. Levine, Retrospective. Walter Gehring (1939-2014)., Science, vol. 345, no. 6194, p. 277, 2014.
V. S. Chopra, Hendrix, D. A., Core, L. J., Tsui, C., Lis, J. T., and Levine, M., The polycomb group mutant esc leads to augmented levels of paused Pol II in the Drosophila embryo., Mol Cell, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 837-44, 2011.
B. P. Berman, Nibu, Y., Pfeiffer, B. D., Tomancak, P., Celniker, S. E., Levine, M., Rubin, G. M., and Eisen, M. B., Exploiting transcription factor binding site clustering to identify cis-regulatory modules involved in pattern formation in the Drosophila genome., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 757-62, 2002.
M. W. Perry, Boettiger, A. N., and Levine, M., Multiple enhancers ensure precision of gap gene-expression patterns in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 33, pp. 13570-5, 2011.
Drosophila Proteins
B. Haley, Hendrix, D., Trang, V., and Levine, M., A simplified miRNA-based gene silencing method for Drosophila melanogaster., Dev Biol, vol. 321, no. 2, pp. 482-90, 2008.
V. Hilgers, Perry, M. W., Hendrix, D., Stark, A., Levine, M., and Haley, B., Neural-specific elongation of 3' UTRs during Drosophila development., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 38, pp. 15864-9, 2011.
D. Papatsenko and Levine, M., Quantitative analysis of binding motifs mediating diverse spatial readouts of the Dorsal gradient in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 4966-71, 2005.
Y. Nibu, Senger, K., and Levine, M., CtBP-independent repression in the Drosophila embryo., Mol Cell Biol, vol. 23, no. 11, pp. 3990-9, 2003.
J. Cowden and Levine, M., The Snail repressor positions Notch signaling in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 129, no. 7, pp. 1785-93, 2002.
J. Cowden and Levine, M., Ventral dominance governs sequential patterns of gene expression across the dorsal-ventral axis of the neuroectoderm in the Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 262, no. 2, pp. 335-49, 2003.
J. P. Bothma, Levine, M., and Boettiger, A., Morphogen gradients: limits to signaling or limits to measurement?, Curr Biol, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. R232-4, 2010.
K. Senger, Armstrong, G. W., Rowell, W. J., Kwan, J. M., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Immunity regulatory DNAs share common organizational features in Drosophila., Mol Cell, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 19-32, 2004.
D. Papatsenko, Goltsev, Y., and Levine, M., Organization of developmental enhancers in the Drosophila embryo., Nucleic Acids Res, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 5665-77, 2009.
J. Bothma and Levine, M., Development: lights, camera, action--the Drosophila embryo goes live!, Curr Biol, vol. 23, no. 21, pp. R965-7, 2013.
M. W. Perry, Bothma, J. P., Luu, R. D., and Levine, M., Precision of hunchback expression in the Drosophila embryo., Curr Biol, vol. 22, no. 23, pp. 2247-52, 2012.
E. Bae, Calhoun, V. C., Levine, M., Lewis, E. B., and Drewell, R. A., Characterization of the intergenic RNA profile at abdominal-A and Abdominal-B in the Drosophila bithorax complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 26, pp. 16847-52, 2002.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Esposito, E., Schlissel, G., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Dynamic regulation of eve stripe 2 expression reveals transcriptional bursts in living Drosophila embryos., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 111, no. 29, pp. 10598-603, 2014.
V. S. Chopra, Hong, J. - W., and Levine, M., Regulation of Hox gene activity by transcriptional elongation in Drosophila., Curr Biol, vol. 19, no. 8, pp. 688-93, 2009.
V. C. Calhoun and Levine, M., Long-range enhancer-promoter interactions in the Scr-Antp interval of the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 100, no. 17, pp. 9878-83, 2003.
V. Hilgers, Lemke, S. B., and Levine, M., ELAV mediates 3' UTR extension in the Drosophila nervous system., Genes Dev, vol. 26, no. 20, pp. 2259-64, 2012.
A. Stathopoulos, Tam, B., Ronshaugen, M., Frasch, M., and Levine, M., pyramus and thisbe: FGF genes that pattern the mesoderm of Drosophila embryos., Genes Dev, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 687-99, 2004.
A. Stathopoulos, Van Drenth, M., Erives, A., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Whole-genome analysis of dorsal-ventral patterning in the Drosophila embryo., Cell, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 687-701, 2002.
V. S. Chopra, Hendrix, D. A., Core, L. J., Tsui, C., Lis, J. T., and Levine, M., The polycomb group mutant esc leads to augmented levels of paused Pol II in the Drosophila embryo., Mol Cell, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 837-44, 2011.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Linear signaling in the Toll-Dorsal pathway of Drosophila: activated Pelle kinase specifies all threshold outputs of gene expression while the bHLH protein Twist specifies a subset., Development, vol. 129, no. 14, pp. 3411-9, 2002.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Ng, S., Perry, M. W., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Enhancer additivity and non-additivity are determined by enhancer strength in the Drosophila embryo., Elife, vol. 4, 2015.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Dorsal gradient networks in the Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 246, no. 1, pp. 57-67, 2002.
A. Erives and Levine, M., Coordinate enhancers share common organizational features in the Drosophila genome., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 101, no. 11, pp. 3851-6, 2004.
V. C. Calhoun, Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., Promoter-proximal tethering elements regulate enhancer-promoter specificity in the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 14, pp. 9243-7, 2002.
M. Markstein, Zinzen, R., Markstein, P., Yee, K. - P., Erives, A., Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., A regulatory code for neurogenic gene expression in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 131, no. 10, pp. 2387-94, 2004.
Ecosystem
M. Levine and Tjian, R., Transcription regulation and animal diversity., Nature, vol. 424, no. 6945, pp. 147-51, 2003.
Embryo Culture Techniques
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of sea squirt (Ciona) gametes, fertilization, dechorionation, and development., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5344, 2009.
Embryo, Nonmammalian
M. Markstein, Zinzen, R., Markstein, P., Yee, K. - P., Erives, A., Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., A regulatory code for neurogenic gene expression in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 131, no. 10, pp. 2387-94, 2004.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Localized repressors delineate the neurogenic ectoderm in the early Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 280, no. 2, pp. 482-93, 2005.
V. Hilgers, Perry, M. W., Hendrix, D., Stark, A., Levine, M., and Haley, B., Neural-specific elongation of 3' UTRs during Drosophila development., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 38, pp. 15864-9, 2011.
A. Di Gregorio and Levine, M., Analyzing gene regulation in ascidian embryos: new tools for new perspectives., Differentiation, vol. 70, no. 4-5, pp. 132-9, 2002.
A. N. Boettiger and Levine, M., Synchronous and stochastic patterns of gene activation in the Drosophila embryo., Science, vol. 325, no. 5939, pp. 471-3, 2009.
K. Senger, Armstrong, G. W., Rowell, W. J., Kwan, J. M., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Immunity regulatory DNAs share common organizational features in Drosophila., Mol Cell, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 19-32, 2004.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Electroporation of transgenic DNAs in the sea squirt Ciona., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5345, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of sea squirt (Ciona) gametes, fertilization, dechorionation, and development., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5344, 2009.
J. P. Bothma, Levine, M., and Boettiger, A., Morphogen gradients: limits to signaling or limits to measurement?, Curr Biol, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. R232-4, 2010.
V. S. Chopra, Cande, J., Hong, J. - W., and Levine, M., Stalled Hox promoters as chromosomal boundaries., Genes Dev, vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1505-9, 2009.
D. Papatsenko, Goltsev, Y., and Levine, M., Organization of developmental enhancers in the Drosophila embryo., Nucleic Acids Res, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 5665-77, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., X-gal staining of electroporated sea squirt (Ciona) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5346, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., The sea squirt Ciona intestinalis., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.emo138, 2009.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Esposito, E., Schlissel, G., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Dynamic regulation of eve stripe 2 expression reveals transcriptional bursts in living Drosophila embryos., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 111, no. 29, pp. 10598-603, 2014.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., Davidson, B., and Levine, M., Spatio-temporal intersection of Lhx3 and Tbx6 defines the cardiac field through synergistic activation of Mesp., Dev Biol, vol. 328, no. 2, pp. 552-60, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Microinjection of morpholino oligos and RNAs in sea squirt (Ciona) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5347, 2009.
V. S. Chopra, Hendrix, D. A., Core, L. J., Tsui, C., Lis, J. T., and Levine, M., The polycomb group mutant esc leads to augmented levels of paused Pol II in the Drosophila embryo., Mol Cell, vol. 42, no. 6, pp. 837-44, 2011.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of individual cells and tissues from electroporated sea squirt (Ciona) embryos by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS)., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5349, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., and Levine, M., BMP signaling coordinates gene expression and cell migration during precardiac mesoderm development., Dev Biol, vol. 340, no. 2, pp. 179-87, 2010.
N. Haupaix, Abitua, P. B., Sirour, C., Yasuo, H., Levine, M., and Hudson, C., Ephrin-mediated restriction of ERK1/2 activity delimits the number of pigment cells in the Ciona CNS., Dev Biol, vol. 394, no. 1, pp. 170-80, 2014.
M. W. Perry, Boettiger, A. N., and Levine, M., Multiple enhancers ensure precision of gap gene-expression patterns in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 33, pp. 13570-5, 2011.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Whole-mount in situ hybridization on sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5348, 2009.
A. Stolfi, T Gainous, B., Young, J. J., Mori, A., Levine, M., and Christiaen, L., Early chordate origins of the vertebrate second heart field., Science, vol. 329, no. 5991, pp. 565-8, 2010.
W. Shi, Peyrot, S. M., Munro, E., and Levine, M., FGF3 in the floor plate directs notochord convergent extension in the Ciona tadpole., Development, vol. 136, no. 1, pp. 23-8, 2009.
Embryonic Development
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Isolation of sea squirt (Ciona) gametes, fertilization, dechorionation, and development., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5344, 2009.
E. Wagner and Levine, M., FGF signaling establishes the anterior border of the Ciona neural tube., Development, vol. 139, no. 13, pp. 2351-9, 2012.
A. Stathopoulos, Van Drenth, M., Erives, A., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Whole-genome analysis of dorsal-ventral patterning in the Drosophila embryo., Cell, vol. 111, no. 5, pp. 687-701, 2002.
J. P. Bothma, Magliocco, J., and Levine, M., The snail repressor inhibits release, not elongation, of paused Pol II in the Drosophila embryo., Curr Biol, vol. 21, no. 18, pp. 1571-7, 2011.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Microinjection of morpholino oligos and RNAs in sea squirt (Ciona) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5347, 2009.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., and Levine, M., BMP signaling coordinates gene expression and cell migration during precardiac mesoderm development., Dev Biol, vol. 340, no. 2, pp. 179-87, 2010.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Ng, S., Perry, M. W., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Enhancer additivity and non-additivity are determined by enhancer strength in the Drosophila embryo., Elife, vol. 4, 2015.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., Whole-mount in situ hybridization on sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5348, 2009.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Dorsal gradient networks in the Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 246, no. 1, pp. 57-67, 2002.
A. Stolfi, T Gainous, B., Young, J. J., Mori, A., Levine, M., and Christiaen, L., Early chordate origins of the vertebrate second heart field., Science, vol. 329, no. 5991, pp. 565-8, 2010.
Embryonic Stem Cells
M. Levine, Paused RNA polymerase II as a developmental checkpoint., Cell, vol. 145, no. 4, pp. 502-11, 2011.
Enhancer Elements, Genetic
V. C. Calhoun, Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., Promoter-proximal tethering elements regulate enhancer-promoter specificity in the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 14, pp. 9243-7, 2002.
M. Markstein, Zinzen, R., Markstein, P., Yee, K. - P., Erives, A., Stathopoulos, A., and Levine, M., A regulatory code for neurogenic gene expression in the Drosophila embryo., Development, vol. 131, no. 10, pp. 2387-94, 2004.
J. Doran Cande, Chopra, V. S., and Levine, M., Evolving enhancer-promoter interactions within the tinman complex of the flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum., Development, vol. 136, no. 18, pp. 3153-60, 2009.
D. Papatsenko and Levine, M., Quantitative analysis of binding motifs mediating diverse spatial readouts of the Dorsal gradient in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 102, no. 14, pp. 4966-71, 2005.
M. Lagha, Bothma, J. P., and Levine, M., Mechanisms of transcriptional precision in animal development., Trends Genet, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 409-16, 2012.
E. Farley and Levine, M., HOT DNAs: a novel class of developmental enhancers., Genes Dev, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 873-6, 2012.
A. Stathopoulos and Levine, M., Localized repressors delineate the neurogenic ectoderm in the early Drosophila embryo., Dev Biol, vol. 280, no. 2, pp. 482-93, 2005.
V. S. Chopra, Kong, N., and Levine, M., Transcriptional repression via antilooping in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 109, no. 24, pp. 9460-4, 2012.
K. Senger, Armstrong, G. W., Rowell, W. J., Kwan, J. M., Markstein, M., and Levine, M., Immunity regulatory DNAs share common organizational features in Drosophila., Mol Cell, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 19-32, 2004.
N. Harafuji, Keys, D. N., and Levine, M., Genome-wide identification of tissue-specific enhancers in the Ciona tadpole., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 99, no. 10, pp. 6802-5, 2002.
M. Levine, Cattoglio, C., and Tjian, R., Looping back to leap forward: transcription enters a new era., Cell, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 13-25, 2014.
D. Papatsenko, Goltsev, Y., and Levine, M., Organization of developmental enhancers in the Drosophila embryo., Nucleic Acids Res, vol. 37, no. 17, pp. 5665-77, 2009.
M. W. Perry, Bothma, J. P., Luu, R. D., and Levine, M., Precision of hunchback expression in the Drosophila embryo., Curr Biol, vol. 22, no. 23, pp. 2247-52, 2012.
L. Christiaen, Wagner, E., Shi, W., and Levine, M., X-gal staining of electroporated sea squirt (Ciona) embryos., Cold Spring Harb Protoc, vol. 2009, no. 12, p. pdb.prot5346, 2009.
D. Papatsenko, Kislyuk, A., Levine, M., and Dubchak, I., Conservation patterns in different functional sequence categories of divergent Drosophila species., Genomics, vol. 88, no. 4, pp. 431-42, 2006.
V. C. Calhoun and Levine, M., Long-range enhancer-promoter interactions in the Scr-Antp interval of the Drosophila Antennapedia complex., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 100, no. 17, pp. 9878-83, 2003.
V. C. Calhoun and Levine, M., Coordinate regulation of an extended chromosome domain., Cell, vol. 113, no. 3, pp. 278-80, 2003.
L. Christiaen, Stolfi, A., Davidson, B., and Levine, M., Spatio-temporal intersection of Lhx3 and Tbx6 defines the cardiac field through synergistic activation of Mesp., Dev Biol, vol. 328, no. 2, pp. 552-60, 2009.
M. W. Perry, Boettiger, A. N., and Levine, M., Multiple enhancers ensure precision of gap gene-expression patterns in the Drosophila embryo., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 108, no. 33, pp. 13570-5, 2011.
A. Erives and Levine, M., Coordinate enhancers share common organizational features in the Drosophila genome., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol. 101, no. 11, pp. 3851-6, 2004.
J. P. Bothma, Garcia, H. G., Ng, S., Perry, M. W., Gregor, T., and Levine, M., Enhancer additivity and non-additivity are determined by enhancer strength in the Drosophila embryo., Elife, vol. 4, 2015.

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