|Title||Control of intercalation is cell-autonomous in the notochord of Ciona intestinalis.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2002|
|Authors||Keys, DN, Levine, M, Harland, RM, Wallingford, JB|
|Date Published||2002 Jun 15|
|Keywords||Animals, Animals, Genetically Modified, Base Sequence, Ciona intestinalis, DNA Primers, Morphogenesis, Mutation, Notochord|
Dishevelled signaling plays a critical role in the control of cell intercalation during convergent extension in vertebrates. This study presents evidence that Dishevelled serves a similar function in the Ciona notochord. Embryos transgenic for mutant Dishevelled fail to elongate their tails, and notochord cells fail to intercalate, though notochord cell fates are unaffected. Analysis of mosaic transgenics revealed that the effects of mutant Dishevelled on notochord intercalation are cell-autonomous in Ciona, though such defects have nonautonomous effects in Xenopus. Furthermore, our data indicate that notochord cell intercalation in Ciona does not require the progressive signals which coordinate cell intercalation in the Xenopus notochord, highlighting an important difference in how mediolateral cell intercalation is controlled in the two animals. Finally, this study establishes the Ciona embryo as an effective in vivo system for the study of the molecular control of morphogenetic cell movements in chordates.
|Alternate Journal||Dev. Biol.|