TitleA conserved cell growth cycle can account for the environmental stress responses of divergent eukaryotes.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsSlavov, N, Airoldi, EM, van Oudenaarden, A, Botstein, D
JournalMol Biol Cell
Date Published2012 May
KeywordsCell Cycle, Cells, Cultured, Cluster Analysis, Environment, Epithelial Cells, Fibroblasts, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Heat-Shock Response, Humans, Metabolic Networks and Pathways, Multigene Family, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Oxygen Consumption, Primary Cell Culture, Saccharomyces cerevisiae

The respiratory metabolic cycle in budding yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) consists of two phases that are most simply defined phenomenologically: low oxygen consumption (LOC) and high oxygen consumption (HOC). Each phase is associated with the periodic expression of thousands of genes, producing oscillating patterns of gene expression found in synchronized cultures and in single cells of slowly growing unsynchronized cultures. Systematic variation in the durations of the HOC and LOC phases can account quantitatively for well-studied transcriptional responses to growth rate differences. Here we show that a similar mechanism-transitions from the HOC phase to the LOC phase-can account for much of the common environmental stress response (ESR) and for the cross-protection by a preliminary heat stress (or slow growth rate) to subsequent lethal heat stress. Similar to the budding yeast metabolic cycle, we suggest that a metabolic cycle, coupled in a similar way to the ESR, in the distantly related fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and in humans can explain gene expression and respiratory patterns observed in these eukaryotes. Although metabolic cycling is associated with the G0/G1 phase of the cell division cycle of slowly growing budding yeast, transcriptional cycling was detected in the G2 phase of the division cycle in fission yeast, consistent with the idea that respiratory metabolic cycling occurs during the phases of the cell division cycle associated with mass accumulation in these divergent eukaryotes.

Alternate JournalMol. Biol. Cell